Primary isolated CABG patients with disease of the left main coronary artery or of the left anterior descending and the circumflex coronary system with or without disease of the right coronary artery.
Coronary artery disease will be defined as a stenosis ≥ 70% based on coronary angiography, a FFR value ≤ 0.80 or iFr value ≤0.89; a left main diameter stenosis ≥ 50%, left main IVUS MLA value ≤ 4.5 mm2, or equivalent OCT measurements will also be considered.
Age >70 years
Planned single graft
Preoperative myocardial infarction within 48 hours
Ejection Fraction (EF) < 35%
Any concomitant cardiac or non-cardiac procedure
Previous cardiac operation
Planned hybrid revascularization
Preoperative severe end-organ dysfunction (dialysis, liver failure, respiratory failure), cancer or any co-morbidity that reduces life expectancy to less than 5 years
Inability to use either the saphenous vein or both the right ITA and the RA as grafts
Anticipated need for coronary thrombo-endarterectomy